Exodus 21-24 Bible Study Questions

Exodus 21-24 Bible Study Questions

  1. How do the laws given in chapters 21-23:19 reflect the character of God?
  2. List at least 1 law given in chapters 21-23:19 that reflects the moral principles given in the ten commandments.
    1. You shall have no other gods before me:
    2. You shall not make for yourself a graven image:
    3. You shall not misuse the name of the Lord:
    4. Remember the Sabbath Day by keeping it holy:
    5. Honor your father and your mother:
    6. You shall not murder:
    7. You shall not commit adultery:
    8. You shall not steal: 
    9. You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor:
    10. You shall not covet:

3.  How is God’s law in 21:24 “life for a life, eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth, hand for a hand” not the same as seeking personal retaliation?

4. How is God glorified when justice is done and the law is upheld?

5. Which laws comfort you and which ones challenge your understanding? Why?

6. Who is this angel that God is referring to in 23:20-24?

7. What would the Lord do for his people if they devoted themselves wholly to the Lord?

8. What was used to seal the covenant between the people of Israel and the Lord?  

9. How is Christ foreshadowed in the sealing of the covenant given to Israel?


  1. Why can I trust God even when there are parts of His Word that are difficult to understand?
  2. How do God’s laws show me that He is a God of order and not chaos?
  3. In what ways has God shown himself to be both a God of justice and a God of mercy in my life?
  4. Why can I trust God to take care of the injustices done to me and how does waiving my rights in unjust situations bring God glory?  Where might I want to seek justice by my own hands?
  5. Think of the injustice Jesus was willing to endure to cover my personal sins with his righteousness.  What does thinking on this truth lead me to do when I experience injustice?